Category Archives: Philadelphia Weather Outlook


Things have stabilized somewhat with my family medical situation, and I hope to be posting some thoughts and commentary about the current weather over the coming days. For the time being, postings won’t be as frequent or comprehensive as they have been in the recent past.

Posted Thursday 05/16/24 @ 4:03 PM — Just a quick update to yesterday’s note about the upcoming weekend weather. Many of the models, particularly the ECMWF and to some extent, the GFS, have moved towards a more southern track of the next low pressure system moving east near our area this weekend. As a result, they have little in the way of rain for us on Saturday and even less for Sunday.

Looking at the NAEFS (which combines the Canadian and NOAA’s GEFS), a measurable amount of rain is still forecast here for both Saturday and Sunday.

So there’s uncertainty with the weekend forecast at this time. I’m leaning towards the NAEFS with some light rain, but I’ll be the first to tell you I could be wrong here.

NAEFS forecast for Sunday at 2 PM. While the system is forecast to be further south than previous model runs, it still brings some rain to our area both Saturday and Sunday. (Click on image for a larger view.)

Previously Posted Wed 10:06 AM —

It’s been over a month since I last posted here. After weeks away bicycling and traveling in southern Spain, I’ve returned to a what appears to be an highly unusual weather pattern.

A few features of this pattern have caught my attention:
• Extremely hot wet weather in the southern US for early May
• Very dry and cooler far north of the US into Canada
• A persistent storm track that takes low pressure systems across our region with low pressure systems persisting repeatedly along the coast.
• Recurrent northeasterly surface winds resulting in cool temperatures for us.

Patterns that are a concern for our region:
• The extreme heat in the southern US will eventually push towards us.
• Forest Fires in central and western Canada have smoke trajectories that will enter the US, as they did last summer.
• I’m not sure but I think the excessive rainy pattern we’ve had will be replaced by very dry conditions here over the summer.

In the short term, the coming weekend looks to be wet. Here’s the latest NAEFS forecast for Sunday—

The latest NAEFS forecast for Sunday shows another rainy weekend. I’ve annotated the map with some of the features and patterns I mentioned above. Of interest is the orange 760 thickness line (500-1000mb thickness) that pokes into Texas and southern Florida. This is very hot for mid May. (Click on image for a larger view.)

Regarding the smoke from fires in Canada, the latest HRRR smoke model shows some beginning to spill towards us—

HRRR smoke forecast is showing some building smoke to our northwest. (Click on image for a larger view.)

More weather to follow…


#Philadelphia #weather #PAwx

Folks, I’m on an extended escape in the mostly sunny climes along the Mediterranean sea. My forecasts will return the week of May 6th.

Tuesday Wednesday Outlook

Posted Monday 04/08/24 @ 7:58 PM — It looks like Tuesday will be the day for high cirrus cloudiness (maybe milky sky at times.) It will be quite mild with highs 76-78º ) (The Canadian has us reaching 80º, possible but not likely.)

An approaching warm front will bring rain as early as 1 AM Wednesday morning. As the front approaches any rainfall will be light and very widely scattered and there likely will be some sunny breaks. Still somewhat mild (60s) but the easterly or southeasterly flow will put a lid on temps.

NAEFS model statistical “mode” version with overlayed GEFS model “bias-corrected” precipitation forecast for Thursday (Click on image for a larger view.)

Very rainy and stormy Thursday. A secondary low will form towards the coast. A possible slow mover. Heavy rain possible! Stay tuned.

Eclipse Cloud Cover Update
Mon 6:04 PM —Forecast Review — Cloud cover in some places was as expected and was quite dynamic, changing throughout the peak eclipse point of 90% totality at 3:23 PM. Here’s the 3:45 RTMA cloud cover for time 3:30 PM—
3:45 PM RTMA which shows the cloud coverage at 3:30 PM today. (Click on image for a larger view.)

One thing to note. The areas of cloud cover here during the eclipse was not “milky sky” cloud cover, as described by several TV/radio broadcasts this morning and last night. ‘Milky sky’ refers to translucent cirrostratus clouds and sometimes high level altostratus. (Back when I learned about weather, it was referred to as ‘frosted glass skies’.)

Today’s cloud cover was altocumulus and relatively thick altostratus cloud cover, mostly mid-level clouds that are fairly opaque.

During the eclipse, I was having a late lunch outside Phoenixville. Here’s the sky at 3:20 PM—

Here’s an iPhone capture at 2:52 PM, a half hour before maximum—

Posted Monday 04/08/24 @ 9:56 AM — After looking over a whole bunch of last night’s models, it still appears that some, but not all, areas around Philadelphia will have considerable cloudiness in the 3 PM time frame.

Here’s a few that are representative—

Canadian RGEM at 3 PM is the most optimistic with the least cloud cover over much of the area.

Here’s the Canadian High Resolution.

Canadian HRDPS shows areas of heavy cloudiness at 3 PM. (Click on image for a larger view.)

Least favorable is this morning’s HRRR, just available. It has a large swath of cloudiness in some parts of the area. (The HRRR tends to over-forecast cloud cover at times. Howver, its forecast is not that different than the German ICON which is pretty good with cloud cover. )

This morning’s HRRR (12z) forecast for 3 PM. Not very good, but the HRRR tends to over-forecast cloudiness in many situations. (Click on image for a larger view.)

I guess we’ll see. (quite literally)

Solar Eclipse Weather- Cloud Forecast Roundup

Originallly Posted Sun 7:54 PM —There’s an incredible level of interest in the solar eclipse on Monday. For the Philadelphia area, the maximum eclipse will occur about 3:23 PM to 3:24 PM. So what will the cloud cover be at that time?

Unfortunately, it doesn’t look like we’ll have a cloud-free sky. At the same time, I think there may be enough clear sky visibility in many areas to enjoy the event, but not all areas.

Cloud cover forecasts are one of those things that weather models really struggle with, especially when forecasting an approaching, poorly defined weather system. Such is the case tomorrow with a mid-level disturbance expected to move through during that same time period.

Most of the models are forecasting between 50% and 95% cloud cover, specifically mid-level clouds. The HRRR is closer to 97% but it tends to over-forecast cloud cover. With the ensemble models, the “spread” is about ± 35% in many areas, indicating moderate uncertainty.

Here are a few of the latest models cloud cover forecast for Monday at 3:30 PM—

HRRR (possibly overdone) —

04-07-24 18z HRRR. The maroon is mid-level and the blue is low-level clouds. The HRRR tends to over-forecast cloudiness and it’s forecast has clouds of 97% in the dark maroon areas. (Click on image for a larger view.)


04-07-24 18z NAM-NEST 85-90% mid level with some areas higher. (Click on image for a larger view.)


HREF 18z forecast for 3:30 PM 40%-65% but spread is ± 35% (Click on image for a larger view.)


04-07-24 GFS forecast has some areas with 65% and some low clouds. Far northern Bucks and Montgomery counties are near 90% with low clouds. (Click on image for a larger view.)

NBM— The NBM doesn’t break things down into low medium clouds. It does total cloud cover—

04-07-24 18z NBM cloud forecast. Pink/purple lines indicate areas of higher than average uncertainty. It’s overall cloud cover is about 45-50%. (Click on image for a larger view.)

Canadian RGEM. Like the NBM, it doesn’t break things down into low medium or high clouds. It’s cloud forecasts are pretty good.

04-07-24 18z RGEM cloud forecast at 3:30PM. It has some considerable areas of cloudiness. I think this may be the best bet for accuracy tomorrow.
04-07-24 18z Experimental RRFS shows the upper air disturbance already moved through to our east. The model may not be ready for prime time. (Click on image for a larger view.)

So, what’s interesting and clear from these models— A disturbance is moving through our area just at the height of the eclipse. How much cloud cover at any one point is anyone’s guess. My preference is on the RGEM, NAM-NEST and GFS. Unfortunately, it doesn’t look like cloudless, blue sky conditions.

As for the rest of the week, another soaker may be setting up for Wednesday into Thursday—

NAEF forecast for Wednesday at 8 AM. Approaching warm front, with a large low pressure system to move up west of us on Thursday. (Click on image for a larger view.)